Sexually Transmitted Infections
- Sexually transmitted infections (STI) cause significant morbidity and mortality.
- Control of STI, is a key intervention in the fight against HIV/AIDS and is one of the key areas of focus for the national strategic plan.
- Prevalent STI's include: Chlamydia Trachomatis, Herpes simplex, Neisseria Gonorrhea, Hepatitis B, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Syphilis (Treponema pallidum).
Recommendations for Screening:
Any sexually active person may be exposed to an STI and request to be screened. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends the following:
- All adults and adolescents ages from 13 - 64 should be tested for HIV at least once a year.
- Annual Chlamydia screening of all sexually active women younger than 25 years, as well as older women with risk.
- Factors such as new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner who has a sexually transmitted infection.
- Annual Gonorrhea screening for all sexually active women younger than 25 years, as well as older women with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner who has a sexually transmitted infection.
- Syphilis, HIV, Chlamydia and Hepatitis B screening for all pregnant women, and Gonorrhea screening for at-risk.
- Pregnant women starting early in pregnancy, with repeat testing as needed.
- Screening at least once a year for Syphilis, Chlamydia, and Gonorrhea for all sexually active gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM).
- MSM who have multiple or anonymous partners should be screened more frequently for STI's. ( i.e.3- 6-month intervals).
- Anyone who has unsafe sex or shares injection drug equipment should test for HIV at least once a year.
- Sexually active gay and bisexual men may benefit from more frequent testing. (e.g. every 3 to 6 months).